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Material Sheet
Cement

Concrete

What is it used for

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Residential Construction: Concrete is used for building foundations, driveways, patios, and sidewalks, providing a strong and stable base for various structures.


Commercial Construction: It is employed in constructing large buildings, bridges, and infrastructure projects due to its strength and durability.


Industrial Applications: Concrete is used in industrial facilities, warehouses, and manufacturing plants for floors, walls, and structural supports because of its load-bearing capabilities.

Brick Wall

Dimensions

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Grain Size: Mix of fine to coarse aggregates


Volume: 1 cubic meter (bulk) 25 kg bag covers approximately 0.0125 cubic meters when mixed with water


Weight: Approximately 2.4 tons per cubic meter (2400 kg/m³)


Colour: Grey

What it’s Made From

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Cement

The binding material that holds the aggregates together.


Aggregates

Includes sand, gravel, and crushed stone, which add bulk and stability to the concrete mix.


Water

Essential for the hydration process, which allows the cement to bind the aggregates together.


Additives

These can include materials like fly ash, slag, and chemical admixtures to enhance workability, durability, and strength.

Variations

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Ready-Mix Concrete

Description: Pre-mixed concrete delivered in a fresh state from a batching plant, ensuring consistency and convenience.

Applications: Used for a wide range of construction projects, including foundations, driveways, sidewalks, and large-scale commercial structures.


High-Strength Concrete

Description: Formulated with a higher proportion of cement and reduced water content, providing superior strength and durability.

Applications: Ideal for high-load-bearing structures such as bridges, high-rise buildings, and industrial floors where extra strength is crucial.


Lightweight Concrete

Description: Made with lightweight aggregates such as expanded clay or shale, reducing the overall density of the concrete.

Applications: Used in applications where reduced weight is beneficial, such as in roofing, flooring, and precast panels. Ideal for reducing the load on structural elements.

Installation

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Tools Required:

Trowel | Concrete mixer | Wheelbarrow | Shovel | Vibrator | Screed


Materials Required:

Concrete mix | Water | Steel Reinforcement (rebar or mesh) | Formwork


Step-by-Step Guide:

  1. Preparation: Prepare the site by clearing debris and setting up formwork to contain the concrete.

  2. Mix Concrete: Mix the concrete according to the manufacturer's instructions or project specifications.

  3. Pour Concrete: Pour the mixed concrete into the formwork, ensuring an even distribution.

  4. Level and Screed: Use a screed to level the concrete surface, removing excess material.

  5. Vibrate Concrete: Use a vibrator to remove air bubbles and ensure proper compaction.

  6. Finish Surface: Smooth the surface with a trowel and apply any desired finishes.

  7. Curing: Allow the concrete to cure properly, keeping it moist to achieve maximum strength.

Technical Specification

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Compressive Strength: Typically ranges from 20 MPa to 40 MPa, depending on the mix and application.


Durability: Highly durable and resistant to weathering, erosion, and chemical exposure.


Workability: Can be adjusted with additives to improve ease of mixing, pouring, and finishing.

Certification

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British Standard (BS EN 206): Specifies the requirements, properties, and production of concrete.


ISO 14001: Environmental management certification, ensuring environmentally responsible production processes.

Purchasing Quantities

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Bags

Perfect for small projects or repairs, typically available in 25 kg bags.


Bulk Bags

Larger quantities than individual bags, often sold in bulk bags of approximately 500 to 1000 kg. Suitable for medium-sized construction projects.


Loose Loads

Delivered by the cubic metre, suitable for large construction projects or extensive concrete needs.

Environmental Impact

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Sustainability: Efforts to reduce the environmental impact include using recycled aggregates, low-carbon cements, and alternative binders.


Alternative Options: Eco-friendly options include fly ash concrete, recycled aggregate concrete, and geopolymer concrete.

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